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Urinary Tract Infections – The Basics

Urinary Tract Infections – The Basics

Urinary tract infections are not fun. Unfortunately, they are a relatively common occurrence – especially amongst women. In order to treat a UTI effectively – or to keep them at bay entirely – you need to learn more about them. Look below for some informative and useful information about what causes UTIs, the common symptoms and how to avoid getting them.

How Are Urinary Tract Infections Caused?

Women are much more likely to come down with urinary tract infections than men. This is thought to be due to the fact that women have much shorter urethras than men. Most UTIs are caused when infection gets into the body through the urethra. This usually occurs when bacteria in stool comes into contact with the urethra. Risk factors of urinary tract infections include an enlarged prostate, kidney stones, not getting enough fluids, diabetes and pregnancy.

What Are the Symptoms of Urinary Tract Infections?

When you come down with a urinary tract infection, you’re sure to realise it fairly quickly. Most people notice pain or burning during urination. The frequent urge to urinate – with little or no results – is also a very common symptom. Cloudy, foul-smelling urine often goes along with UTIs, as does a heavy or tender belly. It is not uncommon to experience pain near the side of the kidneys as well as other symptoms which may include fever, chills, nausea and vomiting. If you only experience a handful of the latter symptoms, you may remain unaware of your UTI.

One of the most troublesome symptoms of a urinary tract infection is incontinence. In the event you are experiencing incontinence issues as a result of a UTI, you should consider investing in some incontinence aids until the condition has been resolved. In some cases, adult diapers may even be in order. The goal is to keep yourself as dry and as clean as possible; otherwise, your UTI can rage on unabated. Be practical and remember that the incontinence caused by a UTI is only temporary. Once the urinary tract infection is gone, the incontinence should be, too.

Preventing and Treating UTIs –

Generally, prevention is the best medicine when it comes to UTIs. Cranberry pills or pure cranberry juice can help to keep it at bay. Avoid “holding in” your urine – make sure to go when you need to go. Stay well hydrated by drinking plenty of water. If you do contract a UTI, you should visit your doctor in order to get a prescription. As an infection, a UTI needs to be treated with an antibiotic. Don’t delay on your treatment, either; if the UTI is left untreated, it can spread into the kidneys and become much more problematic.